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Celastrus paniculatus - Jyotishmati

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Jyotishmati, Celastrus paniculatus

Jyotishmati is a deciduous, climbing shrub producing stems up to 10 metres long and 25cm in diameter. The stems twine into the surrounding vegetation, helping to support themselves by means of hooked prickles. The plant is harvested from the wild for local use as a medicine and source of oil. The oil has gained a high reputation medicinally and is exported for use in a range of medications.


Memory loss, Rheumatic arthritis, Insomnia, Opium poisoning, Impotence [1]

Parts Used

Seed, Leaves

Chemical Composition

The seeds are reported to contain the alkaloids, celastrine and paniculatine, which are the active principles of the drug. [2]

Common names

Language Common name
Kannada bhavanga beeja, gangunde kaayi, gangunga hambu, maala kanguni
Hindi malakanguni, malkauni
Malayalam ceruppunna, palulavam, paluzhavam
Tamil carasvati, acuvalakkal, malgangunicinnavaluluvai
Telugu baavanji, gandumida,
Marathi NA
Gujarathi NA
Punjabi NA
Kashmiri NA
Sanskrit agnibhasa, jyotishlata, jyotishmati, supingala, swarna lata



Reference: Dravya - Substance, Rasa - Taste, Guna - Qualities, Veerya - Potency, Vipaka - Post-digesion effect, Karma - Pharmacological activity, Prabhava - Therepeutics.



Tikta (Bitter), Katu (Pungent)


Teekshna (Strong), Snigdha (Oily)


Ushna (Hot)


Katu (Pungent)


Vata, Kapha






{{Leaf|Simple|Alternate| broadly ovate, apex abruptly acuminate, base ronded or acute, crenulate; petiole 6 mm long. }[4]


Type Size Color and composition Stamen More information
Bisexual terminal and axillary panicles Yellowish white 5 Panicle to 15 x 8 cm, terminal, axillary, oblong; pedicel 6 mm long; flowers many, 6 mm across. Sepals 5, small, imbricate, ciliate. Petals 2.5 x 2 mm, white, ovate, obtuse. Stamens 5, erect, anthers sagitate at base. Ovary 3-celled, cell 2-ovuled, stigma 3, recurved.


Type Size Mass Appearance Seeds More information
A capsule Capsule to 1 cm across, loculicidal, yellow seeds 3, aril reddish. {{{5}}} {{{6}}}

Other features

List of Ayurvedic medicine in which the herb is used


Where to get the saplings

Mode of Propagation

Seeds, Cuttings.

How to plant/cultivate

Season to grow

Soil type


Commonly seen growing in areas

Tropical area.

Photo Gallery


External Links