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Carum carvi L - Caraway, Asitajiraka, Bahugandha
Caraway of commerce is the fruit of a biennial herb. The plant has a fleshy root and slender branched stem that attains a height of 0.5 to 0.6 mtrs, with small white flowers in compound umbels.
- 1 Uses
- 2 Parts Used
- 3 Chemical Composition
- 4 Common names
- 5 Properties
- 6 Habit
- 7 Identification
- 8 List of Ayurvedic medicine in which the herb is used
- 9 Where to get the saplings
- 10 Mode of Propagation
- 11 How to plant/cultivate
- 12 Commonly seen growing in areas
- 13 Photo Gallery
- 14 References
- 15 External Links
Caraway fruits may contain 3% to 7% essential oil. The aroma of the oil is mostly dominated by carvone (50 to 85%) and limonene (20 to 30%); the other components carveol, dihydrocarveol, α- and β-pinene, sabinene and perillyl alcohol are of much minor importance.
|Hindi||Jangi dhania, Jeerka|
|Telugu||Seema jeeraka, Seemai sompu|
|Sanskrit||Asitajiraka, Bahugandha, Bhedanika|
|English||Caraway, Caraway seed, Kummel|
Reference: Dravya - Substance, Rasa - Taste, Guna - Qualities, Veerya - Potency, Vipaka - Post-digesion effect, Karma - Pharmacological activity, Prabhava - Therepeutics.
|Alternate||stalked||Basal leaf-stalk channelled, stem leaf-stalk sheath-like, base with stipule-like lobes. Basal leaf blade long, 2–3 times pinnatel|
|Type||Size||Color and composition||Stamen||More information|
|Unisexual||3–5 mm||white||Stalks on secondary umbels and flowers very different lengths and Flowering time is June–August|
|Broadly elliptic||flattish||single||narrowly ridged, dark brown, 3–6 mm (0.12–0.24 in.) long schizocarp, highly fragrant when broken|
List of Ayurvedic medicine in which the herb is used
Where to get the saplings
Mode of Propagation
How to plant/cultivate
Succeeds in ordinary garden soil as long as it is not too wet in winter. Prefers a moist soil in full sun or partial shade[4, 200]. Tolerates a pH in the range 4.8 to 7.6. Caraway is a well-known herb that has been cultivated for its culinary and medicinal uses since ancient times