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Callicarpa - Gandhaphala

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Callicarpa, Gandhaphala

Gandhaphala (Callicarpa) is a genus of shrubs and small trees in the family Lamiaceae. They are native to east and southeast Asia (where the majority of the species occur), Australia, Madagascar, southeast North America and South America. It is also known as Callicarpa, Gandha Priyangu, Priyangu and many more.

Uses

Sudorific, Wound, Ulcers, Gum bleeding, Therapeutic smoking.

Parts Used

Flower bud, Seed.

Chemical Composition

alpha-amyrin(I), 2beta, 3beta, 19alpha-trihydroxy-12-en-28-ursolic acid (II), oleanolic aicd (III), alpha-amyrin-3-0-beta-D-glucopyranoside (IV), ursolic acid (V), betulinic acid[1]

Common names

Language Common name
Kannada Rushipatri
Hindi Bastara
Malayalam Chimpompil, Chinpompil
Tamil Kattu-k-kumil
Telugu
Marathi NA
Gujarathi NA
Punjabi NA
Kashmiri NA
Sanskrit Priyangu
English Beauty Berry


Properties

Reference: Dravya - Substance, Rasa - Taste, Guna - Qualities, Veerya - Potency, Vipaka - Post-digesion effect, Karma - Pharmacological activity, Prabhava - Therepeutics.

Dravya

Rasa

Tikta (Bitter), Kashaya (Astringent), Madhura (Sweet)

Guna

Laghu (Light), Ruksha (Dry)

Veerya

Sheeta (Cold)

Vipaka

Katu (Pungent)

Karma

Kapha, Vata, Pitta

Prabhava

Habit

Shrub

Identification

Leaf

Kind Shape Feature
Simple Deciduous Leaf Arrangement is Opposite and Leaf Complexity is Simple, Leaf Shape: Elliptic , Ovate

[2]

Flower

Type Size Color and composition Stamen More information
Unisexual 2-4cm long Stamens exserted Flowers Season is June - August

Fruit

Type Size Mass Appearance Seeds More information
Drupe 3-6 ft Fruit colour is Purple, sometimes white.clearly grooved lengthwise, Lowest hooked hairs aligned towards crown many {{{6}}}

Other features

List of Ayurvedic medicine in which the herb is used

Where to get the saplings

Mode of Propagation

Seeds, Cuttings.

How to plant/cultivate

Easily grown in average, medium moisture, well-drained soil in full sun to part shade[3]

Commonly seen growing in areas

Well-drained soil, Partial shade.

Photo Gallery

References

External Links