Note: This is a project under development. The articles on this wiki are just being initiated and broadly incomplete. You can Help creating new pages.

Bombax ceiba - Kutasalmali

From Ayurwiki
Jump to: navigation, search
Shalmali, Silk Cotton Tree

Bombax ceiba is a medicinal tree and is also referred as silent doctor. It is found in India, Malaysia, Sri lanka, Hong kong, Australia and Africa. Every part of this tree is used to treat various ailments.


Semen problems, Leucorrhoea, Over bleeding in menstruation, Acne, Skin blemish, Pigmentation, Wounds, Cold, Sore throats, Cough.

Parts Used

Flowers, Leaves.

Chemical Composition

Stem and root bark contains lupeol, β-sitosterol, naphthoquinone compound, phenolic substances, a lactone, 4 sesquiterpenes. Root yields triacontanol, β- sitosterol[1]

Common names

Language Common name
Hindi Shalmali
Malayalam Unnamurika
Tamil Sittan, Sanmali
Telugu Buruga
Marathi NA
Gujarathi NA
Punjabi NA
Kashmiri NA
Sanskrit Shalmali, Semul, Simul
English Silk Cotton Tree, Kapok Tree


Reference: Dravya - Substance, Rasa - Taste, Guna - Qualities, Veerya - Potency, Vipaka - Post-digesion effect, Karma - Pharmacological activity, Prabhava - Therepeutics.



Kashaya (Astringent)


Laghu (Light), Snigda (haevy)


Sheeta (cold)


Madhura (Sweet)




Deciduous tree



Kind Shape Feature
Simple Digitate Leaf Shape is Oblong-lanceolate or elliptic and Leaf Arrangement is Alternate -spiral



Type Size Color and composition Stamen More information
Unisexual 2-4cm long Yellow 5-20 Solitary, paired or clustered; blood red. Flowering from April-March


Type Size Mass Appearance Seeds More information
Oblong capsule 7–10 mm Fruiting April onwards A loculicidal, oblong capsule, 5-valved many {{{6}}}

Other features

List of Ayurvedic medicine in which the herb is used


Where to get the saplings

Mode of Propagation

Seeds, Cuttings.

How to plant/cultivate

Seed - sown fresh, without pre-treatment, they have a high germination rate. Some reports suggest germination rates can be improved by pre-soaking the seeds for 12 hours prior to sowing [4]

Commonly seen growing in areas

Hot region, At elevations below 1,400 metres, Humid lowland deciduous forests, Dry river valleys.

Photo Gallery


External Links