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Berberis vulgaris - Daruharidra

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Berberis vulgaris, Barberry
Berberis aristata

Berberis vulgaris also known as common barberry, European barberry or simply barberry, is a shrub in the genus Berberis. It is native to the Himalayas in India and in Nepal. It is also naturally found in the wet zone of Sri Lanka.


Cancer, Malarea, Gallbladder pain, Gallstones, Jaundice, Stomach ulcer, Mouth bacterial dysentery.

Parts Used

Stem, Root, Fruit.

Chemical Composition

Extracts from the inner stem bark of Berberis vulgaris were analyzed for their antioxidant activity using the 1,1-dipheny-2-picrylhydrazyl (DPPH) method and compared with ascorbic acid (AA) and butylated hydroxytoluene (BHT)[1]

Common names

Language Common name
Kannada Bagisutrum, Doddamaradarsina, Gantarishina
Hindi Khepacho, Rasaunt, Rasaut, Rasvat, Zarishk
Malayalam Kasturimanjal, Maradarisina
Tamil Mullukkala, Ucikkala, Usikkala
Telugu Daruharidra, Kasthoori pushpa
Marathi NA
Gujarathi NA
Punjabi NA
Kashmiri NA
Sanskrit Daruharidra, Darunisa, Darurajani
English Chitra


Reference: Dravya - Substance, Rasa - Taste, Guna - Qualities, Veerya - Potency, Vipaka - Post-digesion effect, Karma - Pharmacological activity, Prabhava - Therepeutics.












Kind Shape Feature
Simple oval Leavesare 0.75-2 in. (2-5 cm) long, 0.25-0.75 in. (1-2 cm) wide, serrate and occur in clusters of 2-5. Each cluster of leaves is subtended by a short, three-branched spine



Type Size Color and composition Stamen More information
Unisexual less than 0.25 in. (6 mm) wide yellow 5-20 Flowering occurs in May to June and The flowers have an unpleasant odor


Type Size Mass Appearance Seeds More information
ellipsoids 0.3 in. (10 mm)7–10 mm (0.28–0.4 in.) long pome contain 1-3 small black seeds. The fruit is dispersed by birds and other wildlife With hooked hairs {{{6}}}

Other features

List of Ayurvedic medicine in which the herb is used

Where to get the saplings

Mode of Propagation

Seeds, Cuttings.

How to plant/cultivate

Prefers a warm moist loamy soil but it is by no means fastidious, succeeding in thin, dry and shallow soils[11, 200]. Prefers a light rich rather dry soil according to another repor[3]

Commonly seen growing in areas

Abandoned Field, Coastal Grassland, Early Successional Forest.

Photo Gallery


External Links