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Basella alba - Indian Spinach

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Basella Alba

Basella Alba is a botanical name of Indian Spinach. As name suggests this plant belongs to India and China. Basella alba is known under various common names, including Malabar Spinach vine spinach, red vine spinach, climbing spinach, creeping spinach, buffalo spinach and Ceylon spinach among others.


Dysentery, Diuretic, Febrifuge, Catarrh, Boils, Conjunctivitis, Pimples, Diarrhea, Sore throats

Parts Used

Leaves, Stem.

Chemical Composition

The essential amino acids are arginine, leucine, isoleucine, lysine, threonine and tryptophan. The plant contains several vitamins and minerals, is rich in calcium and iron compounds and contains a low percentage of soluble oxalates. The leaves also contain carotenoids, organic acids and watersoluble polysaccharides, bioflavonoids and vitamin K. [1]

Common names

Language Common name
Kannada Bansali
Hindi Poi
Malayalam Vasalaccira
Tamil Vasalakkirai
Telugu Bachali, Bachchali-kura, Karubachali
Marathi NA
Gujarathi NA
Punjabi NA
Kashmiri NA
Sanskrit Upodika
English Indian spinach, Malabar Spinach


Reference: Dravya - Substance, Rasa - Taste, Guna - Qualities, Veerya - Potency, Vipaka - Post-digesion effect, Karma - Pharmacological activity, Prabhava - Therepeutics.



Tikta (Bitter), Kashaya (Astringent)


Laghu (Light), Ruksha (Dry), Tikshna (Sharp)


Ushna (Hot)


Katu (Pungent)


Kapha, Pitta



Perennial Climber



Kind Shape Feature
Simple The leaves are divided into 3-6 toothed leaflets, with smaller leaflets in between



Type Size Color and composition Stamen More information
Unisexual 2-4cm long Yellow 5-20 Flowers Season is June - August


Type Size Mass Appearance Seeds More information
7–10 mm (0.28–0.4 in.) long pome clearly grooved lengthwise, Lowest hooked hairs aligned towards crown With hooked hairs {{{6}}}

Other features

List of Ayurvedic medicine in which the herb is used

Where to get the saplings

Mode of Propagation

Seeds, Cuttings.

How to plant/cultivate

Can be easily grown from seeds and cuttings. Basella alba is a plant of the moist tropics, where it is found at elevations up to 1,500 metres.[3]

Commonly seen growing in areas

Moist places in hedges, Elevations around 500 metres in Nepal.

Photo Gallery


External Links