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Baliospermum montanum - Danti

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Danti, Baliospermum montanum

Danti is a subshrub in the castor family that can be found growing in humid areas. This species in globally distributed in Indo-Malesia. Within India, it is distributed throughout from Kashmir eastwards to Meghalaya, up to an elevation of 1000 m. and southwards into Peninsular India, ascending to an altitude of 1800 m. in the Western Ghats.

Uses

Fever, Inflammation, Asthma, Diarrhea, Hemarrhoids, Abdominal pains [1]

Parts Used

Leaves, Roots, Seeds.

Chemical Composition

Steroids, terpenoids and flavonoids are reported in the leaves. The root contains phorbol derivatives. [2]

Common names

Language Common name
Kannada kaduharalu, danti, dantika, naaga danti
Hindi jangli-jamalgota, hakni, danti,
Malayalam dantika, katalavanakku, nagadanti
Tamil kattamankku, shimai-amanakku, appaiccevakacceti
Telugu erradundiga, ettadundiga, kanaka pata
Marathi NA
Gujarathi NA
Punjabi NA
Kashmiri NA
Sanskrit erandaphala, nikumbha, udumbaraparni, madhupushpa
English Red physic nut


Properties

Reference: Dravya - Substance, Rasa - Taste, Guna - Qualities, Veerya - Potency, Vipaka - Post-digesion effect, Karma - Pharmacological activity, Prabhava - Therepeutics.

Dravya

Rasa

Katu (Pungent)

Guna

Guru(Heavy), Tikshna(Sharp)

Veerya

Ushna (Hot)

Vipaka

Katu (Pungent)

Karma

Kapha, Pitta

Prabhava

Habit

Subshrub

Identification

Leaf

Kind Shape Feature
Simple Alternate 10-15 x 6-10 cm, broadly ovate, often 3-lobed, apex acute or acuminate, base rounded, 3-5 ribbed, glabrous or sparsely hispid above and tomentose along the nerves beneath, inciso-crenate, with a pair of glands at base of lamina; petiole to 6 cm long.

[3]

Flower

Type Size Color and composition Stamen More information
unisexual Greenish many Perianth lobes 4, concave, 1.5 mm long, pubescent. Stamens numerous on a central receptacle; filaments slender, connective broad. Ovary densely tomentose, style 2-fid. Flowering and fruiting is from August to March

Fruit

Type Size Mass Appearance Seeds More information
capsule 1.2 cm long Capsule 3-lobed, 1.2 cm long; seeds ovoid, caruncled seeds ovoid {{{6}}}

Other features

List of Ayurvedic medicine in which the herb is used

[4]

Where to get the saplings

Mode of Propagation

Seeds, Cuttings.

How to plant/cultivate

Danti prefers humid climate for better growth. Well-drained sandy loam soils with pH normally ranging from 6.5 to 7.5 are good for its cultivation. But it can also grow in soils with pH up to 8.2. This is a shade loving plant but can be grown in open sun when cultivated. LoCan be easily propagated from seeds and cuttings. [5]

Season to grow

Onset of monsoon

Soil type

Sandy loam

Propagation

Danti can be easily propagated by seeds and terminal cuttings.

Commonly seen growing in areas

Tropical area, Sub tropical forest.

Photo Gallery

References

  1. "Uses"
  2. "Chemical composition"
  3. [FLOWERING PLANTS OF KERALA VER 2.0, N.SASIDHARAN "BOTANIC DESCRIPTION"]
  4. "Ayurvedic preparations"
  5. "Cultivation details"

External Links