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Atropa belladonna - Suchi, Deadly nightshade

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Atropa belladonna, Suchi

Atropa belladonna commonly known as belladonna or deadly nightshade, is a perennial herbaceous plant (rhizomatous hemicryptophyte) in the Nightshade family (which includes tomatoes, potatoes, eggplant, etc.) Solanaceae, native to Europe, North Africa, and Western Asia.

Uses

Arthritis, Irritable bowel syndrome, Asthma, Colds, Hay fever, Hemorrhoids, Motion sickness, Nerve problems, Spasms, Whooping cough.

Parts Used

Leaves, Root, Tops

Chemical Composition

hemical Composition.—The chief and most interesting constituent of belladonna is the alkaloid atropine (C17H23NO3) (see Atropina), first obtained in crystalline condition from the root by Mein and from the herb by Geiger and Hesse (Pharmacographia)[1]

Common names

Language Common name
Kannada NA
Hindi Angur Shefa, Luckmuna
Malayalam
Tamil Bellatona, Pelletonacceti
Telugu
Marathi NA
Gujarathi NA
Punjabi NA
Kashmiri NA
Sanskrit Suchi
English Belladonna, Devil's Cherries


Properties

Reference: Dravya - Substance, Rasa - Taste, Guna - Qualities, Veerya - Potency, Vipaka - Post-digesion effect, Karma - Pharmacological activity, Prabhava - Therepeutics.

Dravya

Rasa

Guna

Veerya

Vipaka

Karma

Prabhava

Habit

perennial branching herb

Identification

Leaf

Kind Shape Feature
simple deciduous Atropa belladonna is deciduous. The leaves are simple. They are ovate

.[2]

Flower

Type Size Color and composition Stamen More information
pale lavender violet 6-12 mm long From June to July Atropa belladonna produces solitary pendant auburn flowers that are double and campanulate flowers

Fruit

Type Size Mass Appearance Seeds More information
loose spiral A curved or loose spiral seed pod is present nil seeds are yellow to brow.n in colour 10 to 20 seed {{{6}}}

Other features

List of Ayurvedic medicine in which the herb is used

Where to get the saplings

Mode of Propagation

Seeds, Stem cutting.

How to plant/cultivate

Atropa belladonna is rarely used in gardens, but, when grown, it is usually for its large upright habit and showy berries. Germination of the small seeds is often difficult, due to hard seed coats that cause seed dormancy. Germination takes several weeks under alternating temperature conditions, but can be sped up with the use of gibberellic acid. The seedlings need sterile soil to prevent damping off and resent root disturbance during transplanting.[3]

Commonly seen growing in areas

Western Himalayas, Open woodland, Moisty soil area.

Photo Gallery

References

External Links