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Annonaceae - Sitaphalam

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Sitaphalam, Annonaceae

Annonaceae is in the custard apple family. It is the largest family in the Magnoliales. Several genera produce edible fruit, most notably Annona, Anonidium, Asimina, Rollinia and Uvaria. Common names custard apple, sugar apple etc.


Wounds, Cuts, Snakebites, Curing liver disorders, Skin eruptions, Blotches, Pimples, Diarrhea, Sore throats.[1]

Parts Used

Bark, Leaves, Fruits.

Chemical Composition

salzmannii; sesquiterpenes predominated in both essential oils. Bicyclogermacrene (38.0%), (E)-caryophyllene (27.8%), α-copaene (6.9%) and α-humulene (4.0%) were the main components of A. pickelii, while δ-cadinene (22.6%), (E)-caryophyllene (21.4%), α-copaene (13.3%), bicyclogermacrene (11.3%).[2]

Common names

Language Common name
Kannada Sitaphala
Hindi Sharifa, Sitaphal
Malayalam Seethapazham
Tamil Atta
Telugu Sita-phalamu
Marathi NA
Gujarathi NA
Punjabi NA
Kashmiri NA
Sanskrit Atrupyum
English Sugar Apple, Sweetsop


Reference: Dravya - Substance, Rasa - Taste, Guna - Qualities, Veerya - Potency, Vipaka - Post-digesion effect, Karma - Pharmacological activity, Prabhava - Therepeutics.



Madhura (Sweet)


Sheeta (Cold)


Sheeta (Cold)


Madhura (Sweet)


Vata, Pitta



Shrub, Plant.



Kind Shape Feature
Simple Simple leaves with smooth margins that are alternately arranged in two rows along the stems



Type Size Color and composition Stamen More information
Unisexual 2-4cm long Yellow 5-20 Actinomorphic but zygomorphic in Monodora due to difference in size of petals, hermaphrodite


Type Size Mass Appearance Seeds More information
Simple 7–10 mm (0.28–0.4 in.) long pome United to form a single compound fruit (Annona squamosa) Aggregate of berries many {{{6}}}

Other features

List of Ayurvedic medicine in which the herb is used

Where to get the saplings

Mode of Propagation

Seeds, Cuttings.

How to plant/cultivate

Many species and cultivars of Annonaceae have been introduced anf tested in Florida[4]

Commonly seen growing in areas

Tall grasslands, Meadows, Borders of forests and fields.

Photo Gallery


  1. Karnataka Aushadhiya Sasyagalu By Dr.Maagadi R Gurudeva, Page no:337
  2. Chemical constituents
  3. Morphology
  4. Cultivation

External Links