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Aegle marmelos - Shreephala

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Beal fruit

Shreephala is a species of tree native to India. It is present throughout Southeast Asia. The tree is considered to be sacred by Hindus. Its fruits are used in traditional medicine and as a food throughout its range.


Diabetes, Scurvy, Haemorrhoids, Cancer, Dysentery, Cholesterol, Respiratory problem, Diarrhea.

Parts Used

Fruits, Leaves.

Chemical Composition

Various phytoconstituents have been isolated from the various parts of Aegle marmelos, which may be categorized [1]

Common names

Language Common name
Kannada Bilvapatre
Hindi Bel
Malayalam Vilvam
Tamil Vilvam
Telugu Sandiliyamu
Marathi NA
Gujarathi NA
Punjabi NA
Kashmiri NA
Sanskrit Adhararuha, Sivadrumah
English Bel, Beal fruit


Reference: Dravya - Substance, Rasa - Taste, Guna - Qualities, Veerya - Potency, Vipaka - Post-digesion effect, Karma - Pharmacological activity, Prabhava - Therepeutics.



Tikta (Bitter), Kashaya (Astringent), Katu (Pungent)


Tikshna (Sharp), Grahi (absorbent), Snigda (Unctuous)


Ushna (Hot)


Katu (Pungent)


kapha, Vata, Pitta






Kind Shape Feature
Ovate-elliptic, alternate trifoliate each leaflet 5-14 x 2–6 cm, ovate with tapering or pointed tip and rounded base, untoothed or with shallow rounded teeth, sharp spines are present all along the stems.



Type Size Color and composition Stamen More information
bisexual 1.5 to 2 cm pale green or yellowish 6–8 They usually appear with young leaves. The calyx is flat with 4(5) small teeth


Type Size Mass Appearance Seeds More information
Berry 6 - 12 cm The woody shell is smooth and green/gray until it is fully ripe when it turns yellow Inside there are 8 to 20 sections filled with aromatic orange pulp many {{{6}}}

Other features

List of Ayurvedic medicine in which the herb is used

Where to get the saplings

Mode of Propagation


How to plant/cultivate

The plant is a hardy, deciduous tree that can be grown in tropical and sub-tropic areas, being tolerant of harsh conditions, including extremes of temperature[3]

Commonly seen growing in areas

Dry forests, Hill area, Mixed deciduous forest, Plain area.

Photo Gallery


External Links