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Aegle marmelos - Shreephala

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Bael fruit

Shreephala is a species of tree native to Bangladesh and India. It is present throughout Southeast Asia as a naturalized species.The tree is considered to be sacred by Hindus. Its fruits are used in traditional medicine and as a food throughout its range.

Uses

Diabetes, Scurvy, Haemorrhoids, Cancer, Dysentery, Cholesterol, Respiratory problem, Diarrhea, Breast milk

Parts Used

Fruits, Leaves.

Chemical Composition

Various phytoconstituents have been isolated from the various parts of Aegle marmelos, which may be categorized [1]

Common names

Language Common name
Kannada Bilvapatre
Hindi Bel
Malayalam Vilvam
Tamil Vilvam
Telugu Sandiliyamu
Marathi NA
Gujarathi NA
Punjabi NA
Kashmiri NA
Sanskrit Adhararuha, Sivadrumah
English Bel, Beli fruit


Properties

Reference: Dravya - Substance, Rasa - Taste, Guna - Qualities, Veerya - Potency, Vipaka - Post-digesion effect, Karma - Pharmacological activity, Prabhava - Therepeutics.

Dravya

Rasa

Tikta (Bitter), Kashaya (Astringent), Katu (Pungent)

Guna

Tikshna (Sharp), Grahi (absorbent), Snigda (Unctuous)

Veerya

Ushna (Hot)

Vipaka

Katu (Pungent)

Karma

kapha, Vata, Pitta

Prabhava

Habit

Tree

Identification

Leaf

Kind Shape Feature
Simple trifoliate each leaflet 5-14 x 2–6 cm, ovate with tapering or pointed tip and rounded base, untoothed or with shallow rounded teeth
[2]

Flower

Type Size Color and composition Stamen More information
bisexual 1.5 to 2 cm pale green or yellowish 6–8 They usually appear with young leaves. The calyx is flat with 4(5) small teeth

Fruit

Type Size Mass Appearance Seeds More information
globose 5 and 12 cm The woody shell is smooth and green, gray until it is fully ripe when it turns yellow Inside are 8 to 15 or 20 sections filled with aromatic orange pulp many {{{6}}}

Other features

List of Ayurvedic medicine in which the herb is used

Where to get the saplings

Mode of Propagation

Seeds.

How to plant/cultivate

The plant is a hardy, deciduous tree that can be grown in tropical and sub-tropic areas, being tolerant of harsh conditions, including extremes of temperature[3]

Commonly seen growing in areas

Dry forests, Hill area, Mixed deciduous and dry dipterocarp forests, Plain area.

Photo Gallery

References

External Links