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Adenia hondala - Vidari

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Adenia hondala

Adenia hondala is a genus of flowering plants in the passion flower family Passifloraceae. It is distributed in the Old World tropics and subtropics. The centers of diversity are in Madagascar, eastern and western tropical Africa, and Southeast Asia. The genus name Adenia comes from aden reported as the Arabic name for the plant by Peter Forsskal, the author of the genus.

Uses

Intestinal worms, Allergy, Prickle, Tumor, Skin eruptions, Insect repellent, Chicken pox, Itching, Diabetics.

Parts Used

Leaves, Fruits.

Chemical Composition

lanceolin, stenodactylin, and volkensin[1]

Common names

Language Common name
Kannada Kaadu tonde, Kempu chendu hannina balli
Hindi NA
Malayalam Karimutukk
Tamil NA
Telugu Modika
Marathi NA
Gujarathi NA
Punjabi NA
Kashmiri NA
Sanskrit Vidari
English Hondala


Properties

Reference: Dravya - Substance, Rasa - Taste, Guna - Qualities, Veerya - Potency, Vipaka - Post-digesion effect, Karma - Pharmacological activity, Prabhava - Therepeutics.

Dravya

Rasa

Guna

Veerya

Vipaka

Karma

Prabhava

Habit

Herb

Identification

Leaf

Kind Shape Feature
Simple large Stems are thick at nodes, leaf large and deeply palmately lobed

[2]

Flower

Type Size Color and composition Stamen More information
Unisexual 2-4cm long greenish 5-20 Flowers are large, greenish, bell-shaped with petals curled back. Fruit is green when immature, orange when ripe

Fruit

Type Size Mass Appearance Seeds More information
4-8cm rounded fruit is partly responsible for the accidental poisoning among children many {{{6}}}

Other features

List of Ayurvedic medicine in which the herb is used

Where to get the saplings

Mode of Propagation

Seeds, Cuttings.

How to plant/cultivate

Easily grown in most soils[21][22], preferring a calcareous soil. Thrives in a dry lightly shaded position[16], though it prefers full sun. Plants usually self-sow quite freely when growing in a suitable position[19]. The seeds are contained in burrs that can easily attach themselves to clothing or animal's fur, thus transporting them to a new area where they can germinate and grow.The cultivar 'Sweet scented' is popular in France for making tea because the whole plant is sweet scented and the flowers have a spicy apricot-like fragrance[3]

Commonly seen growing in areas

Shrublands, Open woodlands, Grasslands, Floodplains.

Photo Gallery

References

External Links