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Acacia chundra - Khadira

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Khadira, Acacia chundra

Acacia chundra is a perennial, deciduous tree found in Asia, India and in the Indian Ocean area. It grows 12 to 15 metres in height.

Uses

Skin deseases.

Parts Used

Root, Bark, Leaves.

Chemical Composition

[1]

Common names

Language Common name
Kannada Kalu
Hindi Khaira
Malayalam Karingali,Kannali
Tamil Karangali,Karangaali
Telugu Podalianu
Marathi NA
Gujarathi NA
Punjabi NA
Kashmiri NA
Sanskrit Khadirah
English Red kutch,Red Ebony


Properties

Reference: Dravya - Substance, Rasa - Taste, Guna - Qualities, Veerya - Potency, Vipaka - Post-digesion effect, Karma - Pharmacological activity, Prabhava - Therepeutics.

Dravya

Rasa

Guna

Veerya

Vipaka

Karma

Prabhava

Habit

Tree

Identification

Leaf

Kind Shape Feature
Bipinnate Alternate Leaves bipinnate, alternate, stipulate; stipular spines short, hooked to 8 mm; rachis 8-10 cm long, slender, grooved above, pulvinate, glabrous; pinnae 10-15 pairs opposite, even pinnate, 2-4 cm long, slender, with a gland at the base of lowest pair of pinnae and between 1-2 extreme pairs on upper side; leaflets 30-60, opposite, sessile, stipels absent; lamina 4-10 x 1-2 mm, linear-oblong, base unequally truncate, apex obtuse, margin entire, glabrous, chartaceous, midrib subcentral, lateral nerves obscure.

[2]

Flower

Type Size Color and composition Stamen More information
Bisexual Axillary spikes Yellowish white Many Flowers yellowish-white, 2 mm across, in axillary 1-3 clustered spikes shorter than leaves; calyx tube campanulate, 1 mm long, 5-lobed, glabrous; corolla three times as long as calyx, lobes linear-lanceolate, glabrous; stamens many, connate at base; ovary stipitate, falcate, upto 1.5 mm, glabrous; style filiform; stigma small, terminal.

Fruit

Type Size Mass Appearance Seeds More information
Pods 5-10 x 1.5-2 cm Stipitate, flat, thin, glabrous, strongly nerved, obtuse at base, apically horned; suture wavy, depressed between seeds 6 - 8 seeds

Other features

List of Ayurvedic medicine in which the herb is used

Where to get the saplings

Mode of Propagation

Seeds, Cuttings.

How to plant/cultivate

Cutch tree (Senegalia chundra) is generally not grown as an ornamental in Australia. However, it has occasionally been cultivated in botanical gardens in the past. [3]

Commonly seen growing in areas

Open woodlands, Grasslands, Tropical area, Subtropical area.

Photo Gallery

References

External Links